360° Video

360° is a variety of virtual reality (VR).

5G and wireless microphones

Why 2019 is set to be an important year for wireless microphones.

An Introduction to Drones

Drones are unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), autonomous or controlled aircraft.

Arri Alexa

Arri's high end camera platform since 2010

Arri Alexa LF

Arri's complete large-format camera system

Arri Alexa Mini LF

Since summer 2019, the new Arri Alexa Mini LF is available .

Arri Amira

The Arri Amira has been expanding the portfolio of the Arri camera series since 2013.

ARRI Skypanel

In 2015 the first version of the ARRI SkyPanel came onto the market as the S60-C.

Audio for HD and UHD

Sound is one of the most important elements of film and television productions.

Blackmagic Pocket Cinema 4K

4K- DCI capable DSLM camera from Blackmagic.

Blackmagic Pocket Cinema 6K EF

Blackmagics new camera of the Pocket Cinema- series with 6K S35 and EF- Mount.

Blackmagic URSA Mini Pro

The URSA Mini Pro, successor to the URSA Mini, brings DigitalCinema quality in a shape similar to classic broadcast cameras.

Blackmagic Ursa Mini Pro G2

2nd generation of Blackmagics shoulder camcorder.

Camera Filters

Filters work according to the principle of subtractive color mixing.

Canon Cinema EOS C500 Mark2

Introduced at IBC 2019, the C500 Mark 2 extends the successful Cinema EOS series.

Canon Cinema EOS Cameras

The Canon Cinema EOS series has been available since 2011.

Canon EOS R / RP

The EOS R / RP opens a new chapter in mirrorless full-frame cameras at Canon.

Canon EOS- 1 DX Mark III

Canon announced their new 5.5K RAW- DSLR, EOS-1D X Mark III, at CES 2020 in Las Vegas.

Canon XF705

The XF705 joins the XF300 and the XF305 in Canon’s class line up.

Canons Dual Pixel CMOS Autofocus System

Dual Pixel CMOS AF is a sensor-based phase recognition autofocus (AF) technology.

Colour Space Rec.2020

The Rec.2020 color space is used for standardization in UHD television.

Colour Space Rec.709

The TV color space Rec.709 was established in 1990.

Digital Cameras Overview

The digital camera market has become increasingly diverse in recent years, serving a wide variety of users from high-end, high resolution dramas, to small flexible self-operated cameras for documentaries.

Digital Cinema Cameras Comparison Table

Comparison table of important Digital Cinema Cameras.

Drone laws in Germany

The new law for drones in Germany is valid since 2017.

DSLM in direct comparison (2 / 2)

Pros and Cons of actual DSLM in direct comparison.

DSLM in direct comparison (1 / 2)

Pros and cons of actual DSLM in direct comparison.

Film Speed (ISO)

Introduction to the Photosensitivity of Digital Cameras.

Frame Rates

Frame rates refer to the number of individual images displayed per second when a piece of video is played back.

Frequencies for wireless microphones - Introduction

Frequency allocations for radio applications and broadcast for wireless microphones and cameras in Germany.

Guide to film shootings under corona conditions

How to start film shooting with corona regulations still in place? We collected some information to reactivate filmmaking.

Guide to film shootings under corona conditions (part 2: United Kingdoms)

The "British Film Commission" updated its guidelines for filming under corona conditions in the UK - this is, what you need to know.

Guide to film shootings under corona conditions (part 3: Spain)

The "Spain Film Commission" published its guidelines for filming under corona conditions in Spain - this is, what you need to know.

HDSLM: Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera

The ultra-compact cinema camera was introduced in 2014.

HDSLM: Panasonic GH4

With the GH4, Panasonic delivered 2014 its first 4K stills/video camera with the ability to record 4K, 4096x2160 pixels in 24p.

HDSLM: Panasonic LUMIX GH5 / GH5s

The Panasonic Lumix GH5 takes the position of the high-end system camera in the G-series.

HDSLM: Sony Alpha 7s II

The Sony Alpha 7s II was introduced in 2015.


The Canon EOS 5D Mk III in 2012 became the successor of the revolutionary EOS 5D and the EOS 5D Mk II.

Hybrid Log Gamma (HLG)

Hybrid Log Gamma (HLG) is a standard developed by the BBC and NHK.

Insta 360 Pro

3D 360 ° VR camera with 8K resolution.


IPP2 improves handling of difficult hues, softening highlights and enhancing details in the shadows.

Kinefinity Digital Cinema Cameras

Introducing the TERRA 4K, Mavo 6K and Mavo LF.

Kinefinity MAVO LF - In Depth (1 / 3)

The MAVO LF is Kinefinity's current flagship.

Kinefinity MAVO LF - In Depth (2 / 3)

The MAVO LF is Kinefinity's current flagship.

Kinefinity MAVO LF - In Depth (3 / 3)

The MAVO LF is Kinefinity's current flagship.

Lens mounts at a glance

Numerous different lens mounts for interchangeable lenses have been introduced in the recent years.

Lenses Overview

In addition to digital video cameras and DSLRs, some smaller cameras now also offer the option to change lenses.

Light technology: (2 / 10): Colourimetry

About the qualitative properties of light.

Lighting Technology (1 / 10): Basics and Characteristics

Anyone who is interested in lighting technology and lighting design should be familiar with the basic properties and characteristics of light.

Lighting technology (3 / 10): Colour rendering

In this article we deal with the extensive topic of colour reproduction.

Lighting technology (4 / 10): Lighting technologies

An overview of the important designs and types.

Lighting technology (5 / 10): Basics in LED technology

After we have already briefly touched on some aspects of LED technology in the overview of lighting technologies, this article will take a closer look at what is undoubtedly the most important lighting technology at present.

Lighting technology (6 / 10): Luminaire Types

We are continuing the popular series on lighting technologies by Dennis Jackstein.

Look Up Tables (LUTs)

Despite recent technological advances, many filmmakers still prefer the look of film.

Lytro Lightfield

Lytro is a US-based company that design and build light field cameras.

Magic Lantern

A free software add-on, that provides increased functionality to Canon EOS cameras.

Mobile Journalism

Everything about mobile journalism.

Nikon Z- Series

With the Z series, Nikon made a giant leap into the field of DSLM cameras in 2018.

Nokia Ozo

Capturing 360° video is challenging, as it requires the use of multiple cameras, as well as stitching the camera outputs together.

Panasonic AG-DVX200

The DVX200 was introduced in 2015.

Panasonic AJ-PX380

Compact & lightweight shoulder-type P2 Camcorder from Panasonic

Panasonic AU-EVA1

With the launch fo the AU-EVA1 in 2017 Panasonic closed the gap between the Lumix GH5 and the Varicam series.

Panasonic Lumix S1 series

With the DSLM Lumix S1 and S1R Panasonic now aims to conquer the full-format sector.

Panasonic Varicam LT

Panasonic's smaller brother of the cine camera Varicam 35.

Panavision Millenium DXL

The 8K-Large-Format- Camera by Panavision.

RED Cameras

The RED camera family.

RED Digital Cinema Cameras

The RED camera family in an overview.

SDUN.NET - An interview with Matthias Sdun about Overcapture.

The basics and tips for Overcapture.

Sensor Sizes and Crop

Crop Factors is the cropping that a sensor does of the image it is presented from a camera lens. The overview.

Sony Alpha 7S III

After almost five years, Sony introduces the new system camera: with outstanding low-light performance and 4K 120p video recording

Sony CineEI Mode

The advantages of Sony´s CineEl mode.

Sony F-Series

Since 2012, Sony has released three F-series cameras under the CineAlta 4K brand.

Sony FS Series

Sony launched the FS- series in 2015.

Sony PXW- FX9

With the PXW-FX9, Sony introduces its new top model for mobile use with a modern 5.9K full-frame sensor and a Fast- Hybrid- Autofocus.


Meet the VENICE, flagship of Sony's CineAlta range

Sony Venice – Firmware-Roadmap

Overview of available or planned updates.

Sony XDCAM Summary

The very popular SONY XDCAM series of cameras has experienced a facelift in recent years.


Classification and types of spotlights for Film and TV.


Timecode is used to synchronize audio and video or multiple video sources.

Understanding Log

Video recordings with log curves, are not raw data.

Understanding RAW

RAW is an uncompressed video format.

Video Signals Overview

The RGB signal offers full colour resolution with a ratio of the sampling frequencies of 4: 4: 4.

Videosignal in depth

A brief history of the video signal is required to understand today’s waveforms.

Virtual Reality

Virtual Reality (commonly abbreviated to VR) is the common term used to describe a range of technologies.

Volumetric shooting

Volumetry and how it extends the range of narrative forms.

Working with the S-Log color space (1 / 4)

The basics of log curves and gamma.

Working with the S-Log color space (2 / 4)

The basics of log curves and gamma.

Working with the S-Log color space (4 / 4)

Look Up Tables for S-LOG during Grading.

Working with the S-Log colorspace (3 / 4)

How are the characteristics of other LOG- profiles?



10 things to know about location workflows

The dpp´s 10 things to know about - location workflows.

2K Mastering

Short Overview

3D Audio

The field of application of 3D audio is highlighted in this article.

Adobe Premiere Pro CC

Adobe Premiere Pro Creative Cloud is a very powerful, cross-platform editing platform.

ARRI Webgate

A cloud-based platform for uploading and viewing dailies, grades, edits or other work items.

Assimilate Scratch

Assimilate SCRATCH is an end-to-end colour correction and dailies workflow tool with extensive functionality.

Audio and Video Synchronisation

The main problem of sound in the digital age.

Audio Description

TV and media providers are encouraged to make their programs accessible to hearing and visually impaired people.

Audio Formats and Channel Configuration

There are many technical possibilities available today for sound on television.

AVID Audio Pro Tools

Pro Tools is a digital audio editing, mixing and sound design application, made by Avid.

Avid Media Composer

AVID has been one of the main providers of non-linear editing systems for a long time, thanks to its editing system Media Composer.

Colorfront On-Set Dailies

Is a dedicated colour correction system, designed for fast and secure processing of complex projects involving large amounts of data.


COPRA has been developed by the CinePostproduction GmbH as an iOS app for dailies reviews and approvals, used predominantly on an iPad (although is compatible with other iOS devices).

DaVinci Resolve

DaVinci Resolve, developed by Blackmagic Design, combines the features of high-end grading with video editing.

Digital Audio and Codecs I

Recording and editing of TV sound is now almost exclusively digital using PCM (Pulse Code Modulation).

Digital Audio and Codecs II

For the transmission of TV sound to the customer, several procedures and audio codecs are available today.

Dolby Metadata and Metadata Presets

Metadata insight for Dolby sound.

DVS Clipster Gen 6

Clipster provides Master for all cinema packages.

Editing Systems Overview

What is possible for sound mix in NLEs?

Filmlight Baselight

Baselight, produced by FilmLight, is one of the most feature-rich and complex colour-correction systems on the international market.

Grass Valley Edius

Strangely enough, the editing software Edius in Germany is mostly unknown.

HDR in grading and shooting - 3/ 3

In-Depth and Best Practice for HDR.

HDR in shooting and grading - 1/ 3

In-depth and best practice for HDR.

HDR in shooting and grading 2 / 3

In-Depth and Best Practice for HDR.

Image Stabilisation

A shaky, blurred video is often a problem.


Across Europe from 2012 onwards, broadcasters have started to adopt and roll out sound mixing and measurement to the new EBU R.128 recommendation.

Mixing in Stereo and Surround Sound

An exciting insight into the mixing aesthetics of the sound.

More Digital Audio Workstations

Steinberg, Nuendo, Sequoia and more in a short

Next Generation Audio and Binaural Recording and Processing

Important for the Future: Next Generation Audio & Binaural Sound Techniques.

Nucoda Filmmaster

The Digital Vision Nucoda grading and finishing system is a comprehensive colour correction and online editing system.

Pomfort Silverstack und Livegrade

In Version 6.4 one of the most comprehensive and advanced data management tools for use on set and in post production.

Rolling Shutter

How to fix Rolling Shutter Effects.

SDUN.NET - My favorite Video Apps

The best apps for title animations with the smartphone.

SDUN.NET - My favorite Video Apps 2

The best apps for video editing with the smartphone.

Sound Quality and Audibility

In recent years, the intelligibility of sound, and in particular the dialogue in films and television programmes has deteriorated alarmingly.

Stereo and Surround Microphones

Most audio from interviews is captured and recorded in mono.

VFX File Exchange

In the high-quality areas of (cinema) film post production and in the area of ​​VFX single-frame sequences are still used as standard.

Video and Audio Track Layouts

To guarantee the safe exchange of programs, the following track and channel assignments are used internationally.



10 Things: UHD

The dpp's guide to what you need to know about UHD


The RAW format of the Arri Alexa camera family.

AV1 - the next standard-codec?

Pros and cons of the new AV1 codec.

AVC Intra (P2HD)

The P2 card system (P2 HD) was introduced by Panasonic in 2004.

Blackmagic RAW

The new Blackmagic RAW codec was officially unveiled at IBC 2018 in Amsterdam.

Cinema DNG

CinemaDNG (Cinema Digital Negative) is an opened standard for video rawdata by Adobe.

Codec H.266/VVC

Quick overview


The term CODEC stems from the blend of the words Coder and Decoder.


The Digital Cinema Distribution Master (DCDM).

DCP Digital Cinema Package

A Digital Cinema Package (DCP) is a collection of all the relevant digital audio and video files and metadata used for the delivery and presentation of a feature film to a digital cinema.


Deinterlacing is the process of taking an interlaced video sequence and changing it into a progressive video sequence.


The DNxHD video compression format was originally developed by Avid as HD became a media standard.


In 2014 AVID introduced its Codec DNxHR.


Since 2003 a recommended standard for audiovisual applications.


HDCAM SR (Superior Resolution) is a recording and delivery format introduced by Sony in 2003.


Since 2013 a standard for audiovisual applications recommended by ITU

High Dynamic Range (HDR)

High Dynamic Range (HDR) is a method of capturing and displaying images with much brighter highlights and more detail in darker areas.


Creating one master format for TV and film content

JPEG 2000

The JPEG 2000 format is used primarily within the DCP (Digital Cinema Package) format.

Metadata Exchange Formats

Metadata is used in film making for a number of different purposes.




A highly efficient video codec for compressing image data up to 5K, developed by Apple.

ProRes RAW

ProRes RAW is a codec released by Apple in spring 2018.


REDCODE RAW is a proprietary file format from the camera manufacturer RED.

Sampling and Datarates

In contrast to an analogue signal, a digital signal of bits (each either a 0 or a 1) can only represent a finite number of amplitudes at a finite number of moments in time.


The Serial Digital Interface (SDI) is used for transmitting uncompressed and unencrypted video data.


A RAW-format introduced by SONY.


Definition and spelling of TV- Formats by the EBU.

UHD Production Workflows Guide

Things to know about UHD Production

Ultra High Definition (UHD)

Ultra High Definition video (UHD) became a broadcast reality in 2014.

Videocodecs - the next generation

The race for the top position in next-generation video codecs.


X-OCN stands for "eXtended tonal range Original Camera Negative".


The XAVC family of codecs were developed by Sony and introduced together with the high-quality PMW-F5 and PMW-F55 digital cameras


Recording Format XDCAM HD422 is still popular for Factual Production.



10 things you need to know about going live online

The world of live broadcasting online is evolving rapidly.

ARD ZDF ORF Delivery Requirements

Technical Guidelines for HDTV to ARD, ZDF, ORF

arte Delivery Requirements

Technical guidelines for HDTV to arte.

BBC Studios Delivery Requirements

The technical requirements for the delivery of programme content to BBC Studios

BBC UK Delivery Requirements

Technical guideline for HDTV to BBC

Berlinale Selection Screeners

How to deliver Selection Screeners to german film festival Berlinale

CANAL+ Delivery Requirements

The following parameters give an overview of the delivery guidelines of Canal +.

CBC Delivery Requirements

Technical guidelines for HDTV delivery to CBC

Cinema Distribution Requirements

Technical guideline for delivery to cinema

Danmarks Radio Delivery Reqirements

The following parameters give an overview of the delivery guidelines of Danmarks Radio.

Delivery via KA-Sat

In May 2011, Eutelsat launched a broadband satellite Internet service called Tooway.

DPP - The Future of Video Advertising

What will video advertising look like in the future? (1 / 3)

DPP - The Future of Video Advertising (2 / 3)

What will video advertising look like in the future?

DPP - The Future of Video Advertising (3 / 3)

What will video advertising look like in the future?

File Delivery - the story so far

This report presents the story of the UK broadcast industry’s transition to file delivery

Integrated Receiver Decoder (IRD)

An IRD is used to receive encrypted and digitized signals.


IP- Contribution offers the possibility for an entirely new and more cost-effective live contribution solution.

iTunes Delivery Requirements

Technical guidelines for delivery to iTunes.

Media Tech Hub Conference 2019

MTH Conference: Your annual update for technologies in film, TV and VoD.

MediaTech Hub Conference 2020: Save the Date

On November 11-12, 2020, MTH Conference explores the potential and practices of MediaTech in the context of business and entertainment.

NETFLIX Delivery Requirements

Netflix requires content to be delivered according to its guidelines in version 9.0

News Reporter Apps

Modern smartphones provide a new opportunity for news operations to generate broadcast content.

Norsk Riksringkasting (NRK) Delivery Requirements

The following guidelines represent an overview of the delivery to NRK.

North America (AVC) Technical Specification by NABA/DPP

Technical guidelines for HDTV to North American Broadcasters Association (NABA)

North America (MPEG2) Technical Specification by NABA/DPP

Technical guidelines for HDTV to North American Broadcasters Association (NABA/ MPEG)

ProsiebenSat.1 Delivery Requirements

Technical guidelines for HDTV to ProSiebenSat1.

RAI Delivery Requirements

The following parameters give an overview of the delivery guidelines of Rai.

RTL Group Delivery Requirements

This article shows the delivery of data to RTL Group.

Streaming Backpacks

A number of international news organisations make use of I.P connected; video streaming backpacks (such as TVU Networks, LiveU, QuickLink etc.) to transfer content back to the newsroom.

Sveriges Television (SVT) Delivery Requirements

The following parameters provide an overview of the guidelines for delivery to SVT.

The DPP - Business benefits of IMF - Part 2

In the pages that follow, we look at what IMF is, how it works and what it does.

The DPP - Business benefits of IMF - Part 3

In the pages that follow, we look at what IMF is, how it works and what it does.

The DPP - Connectivity Supply to Production

The most graphically the troubled relationship between production and connectivity was laid bare in our 2016 survey report Connectivity and Production.

The DPP - New Content Creators

Today there is more content created for non-broadcast distribution than for broadcast.

The DPP - The Business Benefits of IMF - Part 1

In the pages that follow, we look at what IMF is, how it works and what it does.

Video-SEO for YouTube.

How to make content more visible on YouTube.



10 things to know about Connectivity

The DPP's 10 things to know about - Connectivity

10 things to know about Cyber Security

The DPP's 10 things to know series.

Archival Storage

Archival storage is optimized for very low cost and low footprint of media and a very long durability.

Are we fit for cyberwar? (1 / 3)

Many cyberattacks of the recent years were related to the media industry.

Are we fit for cyberwar? (2 / 3)

Many cyberattacks of the recent years were related to the media industry.

Are we fit for cyberwar? (3 / 3)

Many cyberattacks of the recent years were related to the media industry.

Artificial Intelligence is For Real (1 / 3)

No, AI isn´t just a hype.

Artificial Intelligence is For Real (2 / 3)

No, AI isn´t just a hype.

Artificial Intelligence is For Real (3 / 3)

No, AI isn´t just a hype.

Backups and Disaster Recovery

Storage and computer technology is not flawless.


Protecting the integrity of data or at least detecting silent data corruption or malicous manipulation is a key requirement for storage and communication systems.

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing describes a virtualized computing infrastructure for data and application hosting on hardware owned and operated by a cloud provider.

Cloud Storage

Use Cases, Features and Security of Cloud Storage.

Computer Architecture

Today, every computer type or digital film camera follows a common architecture.

Computer Performance and Metrics

Whether a particular computing device is fit for a given task in a media production workflow depends on multiple factors.

Data security in workflows

Different stages in a production workflow require specific tactics to protect filmic data from loss or damage.

Datarate Reductions

Data reduction methods are used to reduce the data rate of a stream or file.


Overview for formulas, storage space and transfer time. Please use as well the Data Calculator in DPP Film Tech App.

Digital Archiving - the DPP guide

A Contemplation of Digital Archiving.


Encryption is a cryptographic process.

File Transfer Software

Files can be transfered between computers in many different ways and over many different protocols.


Durable storage in computers is managed and structured by filesystems.

Input and Output (I/O)

High-performance I/O is a key component for an efficient media production workflow.

Local Mass Storage

Local Mass Storage and it's interfaces in a short.


LockitScript is an iPad app created to manage production scripts & continuity.

LTO Linear Tape Open

Format for long-term archiving data in film production.


The types of memory modules differ in capacity, speed, cost and power consumption.

Mobile Networking

Mobile cellular networks are deployed on almost every country.

Network Storage

Securely storing large amounts of data for shared access by multiple users is a central requirement in modern media production.

Networking Infrastructure

Computer networks consist of many interconnected devices (nodes).

Networking Protocols

Many different networking technologies exist.

Networking Security

None of the publicly available networking technologies provides sufficient security measures for critical business operations or private use.

Operating Systems (general)

The operating system (OS) is the central system software that manages all computer hardware resources.

Operating Systems - Overview

The operating system (OS) is the central system software that manages all computer hardware resources.


Processors are the central processing unit (CPU) inside computers.

Recording Device Atomos Shogun Flame

The Atomos Shogun is an external audio and video recorder.

Recording Device Blackmagic Video Assist

The Blackmagic Video Assist is a touchscreen-controlled field recording device.

Recording Device Convergent Design Odyssey 7Q+

The Convergent Design Odyssey 7Q+ is an external audio and video recorder.

Recording Devices Atomos Samurai and Ninja Blade

The Atomos Samurai and the Atomos Ninja are external recorders.

Recording Media AXSM

Memory Card Standard by SONY.

Recording Media CF/CFast/CFexpress

CompactFlash (CF) is a flash memory mass storage device used mainly in portable electronic devices.

Recording Media Codex Capture Drive

A flash memory mass storage device.

Recording Media P2

P2 ("Professional Plug-In") is a professional digital recording solid-state memory storage media format introduced by Panasonic.

Recording Media RED

Two types of RED storage.

Recording Media SD/SDHC/SDXC

Types and standards of inexpensive Recording Media.

Recording Media SR Memory

Media for F65 RAW-Recording

Recording Media SxS

SxS (S-by-S) is a flash memory standard.

Recording Media XQD

XQD card is a memory card format primarily developed for flash memory cards.

Risk Management

How to manage risk?

Security (Awareness)

In modern workflows it is often unfeasible or uneconomic to completely operate in private network environments or within the perimeter of a single organization.

Security Measures

Media technology has shifted from a solid mostly interoperable hardware-based fundament to a software-heavy landscape that runs on cheaper general purpose computing hardware.

SSD - An overview (1 / 2)

AHCI, M.2, NVMe, PCIe, Sata, U.2 - pros and cons of current SSD types.

SSD - An overview (2 / 2)

AHCI, M.2, NVMe, PCIe, Sata, U.2 - pros and cons of current SSD types.

Storage Classification

Overview about Storage for Recording, Transport, Online, Nearline and Offline.

Storage reliability

Storage technology is not flawless.

The DPP - Business Benefits of IP Production

In Board rooms all over the world right now there is talk of a move to IP – or ‘Internet protocol’ – working.

Wired Networking

Network nodes may be directly connected by a multitude of physical carrier technologies.

Wireless Networking

Using cables for network connectivity is both costly and cumbersome, hence wireless networking technologies gain traction.